- 1 Are psychopaths philosophical zombies?
- 2 Is the Conceivability argument valid?
- 3 How does the philosophical zombie differ from the Hollywood zombie?
- 4 What is Conceivability?
- 5 Are P zombies possible?
- 6 Is it possible for a human to become a zombie?
- 7 Does the zombie argument successfully show that Physicalism is false?
- 8 What does Panpsychism mean?
- 9 What is the indivisibility argument?
- 10 What does dualism mean?
- 11 What does epistemology mean?
- 12 What is Jackson’s knowledge argument?
- 13 What does Physicalism mean?
- 14 What is the meaning of Qualia?
- 15 What makes a problem of consciousness easy?
Are psychopaths philosophical zombies?
Psychopaths seem to fit the idea of a philosophical zombie, but they are not the same thing. Philosophical zombies are inherently unconscious, insentient blobs of matter that look and behave exactly as a human does. However, psychopaths are neither unconscious nor insentient.
Is the Conceivability argument valid?
For versions of it see Chalmers 1996, 93–171; 2010, 141–205; Levine 2001; Nagel 1974; Stoljar 2001.) Clearly the conceivability argument is valid. However, both its premisses are problematic. They are unclear as stated, and controversial even when clarified.
How does the philosophical zombie differ from the Hollywood zombie?
A philosophical zombie, as opposed to a Hollywood zombie, is an exact physical duplicate of a human being that lacks consciousness. And the reason it behaves just like you is that the physical workings of its brain are indiscernible from the physical workings of your own brain.
What is Conceivability?
1. conceivability – the state of being conceivable. conceivableness. possibleness, possibility – capability of existing or happening or being true; “there is a possibility that his sense of smell has been impaired”
Are P zombies possible?
Proponents of zombie arguments generally accept that p – zombies are not physically possible, while opponents necessarily deny that they are metaphysically or, in some cases, even logically possible. The unifying idea of the zombie is that of a human completely lacking conscious experience.
Is it possible for a human to become a zombie?
But there is also a specific psychiatric disorder called Cotard’s syndrome that can cause people to act like zombies. This is because they are under the delusion that they are dead or decomposing.
Does the zombie argument successfully show that Physicalism is false?
The Zombie * argument is valid but its conclusion is false (by assumption physicalism is true in Zombie Chalmers’ world).
What does Panpsychism mean?
2.1 The Definition of Panpsychism The word “ panpsychism ” literally means that everything has a mind. However, in contemporary debates it is generally understood as the view that mentality is fundamental and ubiquitous in the natural world.
What is the indivisibility argument?
The Argument from Indivisibility seeks to show that bodies but not minds are spatially divisible and that argument is not rebutted by pointing out that consciousness is temporally divisible. The Indivisibility Argument suggests that the mind is a simple unity.
What does dualism mean?
In the philosophy of mind, dualism is the theory that the mental and the physical – or mind and body or mind and brain – are, in some sense, radically different kinds of thing.
What does epistemology mean?
Epistemology, the philosophical study of the nature, origin, and limits of human knowledge. The term is derived from the Greek epistēmē (“knowledge”) and logos (“reason”), and accordingly the field is sometimes referred to as the theory of knowledge.
What is Jackson’s knowledge argument?
Jackson argues that if Mary does learn something new upon experiencing color, then physicalism is false. Specifically, the knowledge argument is an attack on the physicalist claim about the completeness of physical explanations of mental states. Ergo there is more to have than that, and Physicalism is false.
What does Physicalism mean?
In philosophy, physicalism is the metaphysical thesis that “everything is physical”, that there is “nothing over and above” the physical, or that everything supervenes on the physical. Both the definition of “physical” and the meaning of physicalism have been debated. Physicalism is closely related to materialism.
What is the meaning of Qualia?
In philosophy and certain models of psychology, qualia (/ˈkwɑːliə/ or /ˈkweɪliə/; singular form: quale) are defined as individual instances of subjective, conscious experience.
What makes a problem of consciousness easy?
The easy problems of consciousness are those that seem directly susceptible to the standard methods of cognitive science, whereby a phenomenon is explained in terms of computational or neural mechanisms. The hard problems are those that seem to resist those methods.