- 1 How does the philosophical zombie differ from the Hollywood zombie?
- 2 How does Chalmers define consciousness?
- 3 What is the zombie argument against Physicalism?
- 4 Does the zombie argument successfully show that Physicalism is false?
- 5 Is it possible for a human to become a zombie?
- 6 Are zombies even physically possible?
- 7 Why Is consciousness a hard problem?
- 8 Does the hard problem of consciousness exist?
- 9 What does Panpsychism mean?
- 10 Is zombie a virus?
- 11 What is Jackson’s knowledge argument?
- 12 Are there zombies?
- 13 What is the purpose of the zombie argument?
- 14 What makes a problem of consciousness easy?
- 15 What does Physicalism mean?
How does the philosophical zombie differ from the Hollywood zombie?
A philosophical zombie, as opposed to a Hollywood zombie, is an exact physical duplicate of a human being that lacks consciousness. And the reason it behaves just like you is that the physical workings of its brain are indiscernible from the physical workings of your own brain.
How does Chalmers define consciousness?
Instead, Chalmers argues that consciousness is a fundamental property ontologically autonomous of any known (or even possible) physical properties, and that there may be lawlike rules which he terms “psychophysical laws” that determine which physical systems are associated with which types of qualia.
What is the zombie argument against Physicalism?
The conceivability argument — which assumes physicalism entails that zombies are impossible — purports to refute it by showing they are possible. As we saw, the simplest version of this argument goes: (1) zombies are conceivable; (2) whatever is conceivable is possible; (3) therefore zombies are possible.
Does the zombie argument successfully show that Physicalism is false?
The Zombie * argument is valid but its conclusion is false (by assumption physicalism is true in Zombie Chalmers’ world).
Is it possible for a human to become a zombie?
But there is also a specific psychiatric disorder called Cotard’s syndrome that can cause people to act like zombies. This is because they are under the delusion that they are dead or decomposing.
Are zombies even physically possible?
A philosophical zombie is a being physically indistinguishable from an actual or possible human being, inhabiting a possible world where the physical laws are identical to the laws of the actual world, but which completely lacks consciousness.
Why Is consciousness a hard problem?
The hard problem of consciousness is the problem of explaining why any physical state is conscious rather than nonconscious. It is the problem of explaining why there is “something it is like” for a subject in conscious experience, why conscious mental states “light up” and directly appear to the subject.
Does the hard problem of consciousness exist?
Many philosophers have disputed that there is a hard problem of consciousness distinct from what Chalmers calls the easy problems of consciousness. Some, termed strong reductionists, hold that phenomenal consciousness (i.e., conscious experience) does exist but that it can be fully understood as reducible to the brain.
What does Panpsychism mean?
2.1 The Definition of Panpsychism The word “ panpsychism ” literally means that everything has a mind. However, in contemporary debates it is generally understood as the view that mentality is fundamental and ubiquitous in the natural world.
Is zombie a virus?
It’s the largest virus ever discovered. And it’s not frozen any more. Even after so many millennia in cold storage, the virus is still infectious. Scientists have named this so-called “ zombie ” virus Pithovirus sibericum.
What is Jackson’s knowledge argument?
Jackson argues that if Mary does learn something new upon experiencing color, then physicalism is false. Specifically, the knowledge argument is an attack on the physicalist claim about the completeness of physical explanations of mental states. Ergo there is more to have than that, and Physicalism is false.
Are there zombies?
The term comes from Haitian folklore, in which a zombie is a dead body reanimated through various methods, most commonly magic like voodoo. George A. Romero and the modern zombie film (1968–1985)
|Alias||“Romero zombie “|
|Type||Undead (influenced by Haitian Zombie ), Vampire, Ghoul|
What is the purpose of the zombie argument?
Zombie arguments. Zombie arguments often support lines of reasoning that aim to show that zombies are metaphysically possible in order to support some form of dualism – in this case the view that the world includes two kinds of substance (or perhaps two kinds of property): the mental and the physical.
What makes a problem of consciousness easy?
The easy problems of consciousness are those that seem directly susceptible to the standard methods of cognitive science, whereby a phenomenon is explained in terms of computational or neural mechanisms. The hard problems are those that seem to resist those methods.
What does Physicalism mean?
In philosophy, physicalism is the metaphysical thesis that “everything is physical”, that there is “nothing over and above” the physical, or that everything supervenes on the physical. Both the definition of “physical” and the meaning of physicalism have been debated. Physicalism is closely related to materialism.